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Alliteration is the repetition of the same sounds at the beginning of words or stressed syllables.

For example, the tongue twister “Suzie sells sea shells by the seashore” uses alliteration.

In modern usage, alliteration is most commonly consonantal.

24
Jan

Assonance is the repetition of an identical or similar vowel sound.

The “ee” sound in the sentence “See the bees” is an example of assonance.

Here’s an example poem that uses the “I” sound repetition:

I have a hive

it’s there I thrive

it’s where I hide

my time I bide

to go outside

collect I might

honey to mine

from pollen inside

While it’s not a great poem it give you a general idea of this type poem.

The heroic couplet is an English form that is commonly used in epic and narrative poetry.

It is a poem constructed entirely through rhyming couplets written in iambic pentameter.

These couplets tend to be closed, rather than enjambed.  The heroic couplet  gained its popularity during the 18th century.

The elegy was originally written for elegiac meter.

Traditional elegiac meter is a dactylic hexameter followed by pentameter.

Unlike a eulogy that focuses on the death of someone, the elegy can be a poem of sad, reflective, or a somber tone.

19
Jan

One of the Japanese forms of poetry, the haiku is a short poem of three lines.

The first line  using five syllables,  seven syllables in the second line, and five syllables in the third line.  It does not rhyme and is nature oriented.

A calligram is a poem that is designed to form a shape or an object related to the topic of the poem.

For example, a poem about the forest might be formatted to look like a tree.

The ballad is a short narrative poem with multiple stanzas of four lines each and it usually uses a refrain.

The story originates from a wide range of subjects, but it most frequently focuses on folklore or popular legends.

Ballads are usually suitable for singing and are generally written with the last words of the second and fourth lines rhyming.

An abecedarian is an alphabetic acrostic.

Rather than spelling out the title, each line begins with a word beginning with the next successive line in the alphabet.  For example, if the first line begins with “A” then the second line would begin with a word starting with the letter “B”.

Watch for the next post coming in the near future. And if you haven’t visited lately, make sure to check out the recent additions to the poetry pages. There’s something for everyone.

Thanks and have a great week.